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UN-Kommission zur Reform des globalen Finanzsystems

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Die UN-Kommission zur Reform des globalen Finanzsystems war ein Expertenkommission zur Reform des Internationalen Währungs- und Finanzsystems. Sie wurde im Oktober 2008 vom damaligen Präsidenten der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen, Miguel D’Escoto Brockmann, eingesetzt. Ihr Mandat war es, über die Ursachen der globalen Finanzkrise nachzudenken, ihre Auswirkung auf alle Länder zu untersuchen und adäquate Antworten zu finden, um eine Wiederholung zu vermeiden und globale wirtschaftliche Stabilität wiederherzustellen.[1] Der Abschlussbericht wurde im September 2009 veröffentlicht.[2]

Bericht

Ziel der Kommission war es, die Erarbeitung eines Berichts, in dem Empfehlungen und Anweisungen, wie mit der Krise umzugehen sei, zusammengefasst dargestellt werden sollen. Dabei sollen „(...) comments and suggestions from a wider body of interested stakeholders including policymakers and government officials, representatives of international agencies, academics and members of civil society“ mit einbezogen werden.[3]

Aus diesem Grund hat es vom 26. Januar bis 13. Februar eine Konsultation von Nichtregierungsorganisationen im Rahmen des UN-Non-Governmantal Liason Service (NGLS) staatgefunden. Im Rahmen dieser Veranstaltung hatten diese die Möglichkeit, Forderungen und Empfehlungen in den Bericht der Expertenkommission miteinzubringen.

Die Statements wurden zu verschiedenen Themengebieten zusammengefasst und in einem 48-Seitigem veröffentlicht und der Expertenkommission vorgelegt. Der Abschlussbericht wurde im September 2009 veröffentlicht.[4]

Mitglieder der Kommission

"The membership of the Taskforce –now Commission- has been chosen based on the need to include experts with a full understanding of the complex and interrelated issues raised by the workings of the financial system, with a strong grasp of the strengths and weaknesses of existing multilateral institutions, and with a sensitivity to the particular challenges faced by countries from different regions of the world and at different levels of economic and social development."[5]

Die "Expertenkommission des Präsidenten der UN-Generalversammlung zur Reform des Internationalen Währungs- und Finanzsystems" wurde von dem prominenten Ökonomen Joseph Stiglitz (USA) geleitet.[6]

  • Joseph Stiglitz (USA) (Chair), University Professor, Columbia University, Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences (2001). Former Senior Vice President and Chief Economist of the World Bank.
  • Andrei Bougrov (Russia), Managing Director and member of the Board of Directors of the Interros Company. Former Principal Resident Representative of Russia, Executive Director and member of the Board of Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
  • Yousef Boutros-Ghali (Egypt), Minister of Finance. Chair of the International Monetary and Financial Committee of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund.
  • Jean-Paul Fitoussi (France), Professor of Economics at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris since 1982. Currently President of the Scientific Council of the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris and President of the Observatoire Français des Conjunctures Economiques.
  • Charles A. E. Goodhart (UK), Norman Sosnow Professor of Banking and Finance Emeritus, London School of Economics. Former Chief Advisor to the Bank of England and member of its Monetary Policy Committee.
  • Robert Johnson (USA), Former Chief Economist of the US Senate Banking Committee and former Senior Economist of the U.S. Senate Budget Committee. Former managing director at Soros Fund Management. Member of the Board of Directors of the Economic Policy Institute and the Institute for America's Future.
  • Jomo Kwame Sundaram (United Nations), Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
  • Benno Ndulo (Tanzania), Governor of the Bank of Tanzania.
  • José Antonio Ocampo (Colombia), Former UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs and Finance Minister, Colombia. Currently Professor, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University.
  • Pedro Páez (Ecuador), Former Minister for Economic Coordination, Ecuador.
  • Avinash Persaud (Barbados), Chairman of Intelligence Capital Limited. Member of council, London School of Economics. Founding director of the Global Association of Risk Professionals.
  • Yaga Venugopal Reddy (India), Former Governor of the Reserve Bank of India.
  • Rubens Ricupero (Brazil), Former Secretary-General of UNCTAD. Former Minister of Finance of Brazil.
  • Eisuke Sakakibara (Japan), Former Vice Minister of Finance for International Affairs. Currently Professor at Waseda University, Tokyo.
  • Chukwuma Soludo (Nigeria), Governor, Central Bank of Nigeria.
  • Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (Germany), Federal Minister of Cooperation and Development.
  • Yu Yongding (China), Director, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Former Member of Monetary Policy Committee, People’s Bank of China.
  • Zeti Akhtar Aziz (Malaysia), Governor and Chairman, Central Bank of Malaysia.

Rapporteur

  • Jan Kregel, Former UNDESA senior staff member now Senior Scholar, Levy Economics Institute of Bard College and Distinguished Research Professor, University of Missouri, Kansas City.

Special Representatives of the President of the General Assembly

  • François Houtart (Belgium)
  • Ali Boukrami (Algeria)
  • Oswaldo Martínez (Cuba)

Arbeitsgruppen

  • Regulation
  • Multilateral Issues
  • Macro-economic issues and addressing the crisis
  • Reforming the Global Financial Architecture

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Einzelnachweise

  1. Commission on Financial Reforms, un.org, abgerufen am 30.05.2016
  2. Final Report, un.org, abgerufen am 30.05.2016
  3. http://www.un.org/ga/president/63/commission/background.shtml Background], un.org, abgerufen am 30.05.2016
  4. Final Report, un.org, abgerufen am 30.05.2016
  5. http://www.un.org/ga/president/63/commission/background.shtml Background], un.org, abgerufen am 30.05.2016
  6. Members, un.org, abgerufen am 30.05.2016